The Victorian Age, summary

The Victorian Age, summary

When King William IV died, his successor was Victoria, who was only eighteen

Her reign lasted for 64 years and she became the symbol of a whole era whose name is "Victoria Age" and which goes to the beginning of the First World War. Victoria's reign can be divided in three periods, the Early Victorianism (influenced by the French Revolution), the Mid-Victorianism (which was the most prestigious period) and the Late Victorianism.

She married her cousin Albert, from whom she had 9 children; only after 17 years of marriage Albert became a prince and he had a great influence over the queen.

She disliked modern arts, but she enjoyed the theatre and the literary production of her time. When Victoria became the queen she had to face up with several problems related to a period of crisis; a period that lead to great changes in England. First of all we have an increase in population, also caused by a great number of immigrants from Ireland. Then the Industrial Revolution went on very fast because a lot of rural countries were transformed in industrial ones, as well as the scientific research and the means of transport. The symbol of this progress is The Great Exhibition in 1851.

All this facts made people to believe that happiness could be reached by everybody thanks to the technical progress; in other words, the middle class was pervaded by a great optimism, ignoring the problems which afflicted the other pat of England. There was, in fact, a part of society, the working class, which lived in very bad conditions and which was very poor. And this situation also affected children, who had to work in miles for hours since they were very young.